A Federally controlled police establishment first came into existence in 1942 during the Second World War to take up investigation of corruption, rampant in Supplies and Procurement Department of the government of India. It was name as Special Police Establishment. After the independence of 1947, it was named as Pakistan Special Police Establishment (PSPE). The said Establishment was given schedule of offences with the ordinance of VIII of 1948. With the passage of time, the PSPE depart from investigation the offences of bribery and corruption against central government employees, was given powers to investigate cases relating to the offences under the following laws:-
The requirements of federal government regarding investigation of criminal offences kept on increasing and Mr. Gul Ahmad in his report on “Police Reform”, submitted to cabinet on 07-04-1972, recommended establishment of Federal Police Organization to deal with smuggling, narcotics, currency Offences, enforcement of laws relating to foreigners, immigration and passports and offences having inter-provincial ramification. Consequently FIA Act, 1974. (Act VIII-4 of 1975) was promulgated on 13-01-1975, bringing Federal Investigation Agency into existence.
Till now 2004, primarily role was anti corruption and white collar crime treating 2004, the government transfer anti corruption and economic crime function to the NAB.
FIA has been dedicated the lead agency in Anti Human Smuggling and investigating cases of counterfeit Currency.
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